Be professional: The dream of thousands of domestic workers


Poverty forces them, however thanks to the noble work of various organizations, hundreds of "cipotas" not resigned to age as "nannies" in homes of others and fulfill their dream of going to college.
The age of most Hondurans working in the domestic sector ranges from 15 to 24, although a significant group has 36 to 59, as revealed by surveys of the National Institute of Statistics (INE).
For adolescents is very sad every day board school uniforms that are not yours and watch your hands by never read many books because they only have time to shake them dust.
They get up early to wait for the school bus, but just before reaching the door, release the hand of a child who enters your backpack happy way to school.
That is the harsh reality of those children who are told: "The Girl", "NACHA", "worker", whose average years of schooling is 5.8 according to the INE.
The most privileged are working in the Central District, for at least complete their primary education.
Illegal assignment to work within the four walls of a house is a disadvantage for these adolescents, they do not have the minimum wage and no regulatory authority whatever happens there, unless you have complaints.
The good heart of his patron is the only hope for these girls who are not part of any union and who do not earn overtime.
IRIS goes to college
At age 16, Raquel Ruiz Iris swept the floors of a house, washed and ironed clothes, food and did all kinds of housework, getting to the great joy he was paid 10 lempiras a day.
A broom, iron and laundry soap were the tools that she built the road to find their right to education.
Today is 25 and is studying physiotherapy at the National Autonomous University of Honduras (UNAH).
"I worked in a house as a maid, I wanted to put to study then I got to work, the hardest part is that one does not have time to study, I started work at 8:00 in the morning and out at 5:00 in the afternoon. "
At 18 Iris crossed the doors of the "Reyes Irene Valenzuela" of the Society of Friends of Children, founded by Sister Maria Rosa in 2001, to benefit poor children and adolescents from 13 to 18 years of age.
Each year about 80 young people graduate of Bachelors of Science and Letters through this project that not only provides them with academic training, but also spiritual values ​​and self esteem.
"Thanks to God on the project I earned a scholarship after I enrolled in the career of physical therapy in college. I chose this career because I have a brother who was struck by a stroke and another brother who gunned it and can not move my arm, "he recalled.
To show its gratitude to the project, Iris works in his spare time attending at the gate to other girls working as maids and yearning to go to college, like her.
"Serving the people collaborate on the door or answering the phone, or pharmacy, giving drugs to girls. I have a four year old daughter, I had my daughter at 21 years old and single mother, but considering I can give you a better future for my daughter, "says Iris, sitting on the desks of a classroom project, remembering old times.
Nationally more than 78 thousand people work in the domestic sector, of which 91.1 percent are female and 22.1 percent is made up of teenagers from 10 to 18 years.
The social worker of the project "Reyes Irene Valenzuela," Lilliam Matute, currently indicates that the girls working as domestic servants in the capital come from the departments of Intibucá, Lempira, La Paz and El Paraiso.
"Parents send them to Tegucigalpa because of the difficult economic situation we are living in the country, many parents are poor farmers, who just have their little plot or working for someone else," says Matute.
However, poverty in Honduras is such that even parents of Tegucigalpa and Comayaguela are forced to send their teenage daughters to provide domestic services in homes of people with high or medium.
"These girls come from very poor areas of colonies as the Villa Nueva, New Suyapa, El Carrizal, Los Pinos, working to help their families."
"They're girls with many problems, economic, influence of gangs, crime, which are violated in their rights, they need to work even as children."
The project serves about 450 children, of which at least 50 percent is domestic. And while working to study, homemade crafts are not only time to absorb all the girls but condemn them to permanent depletion.
"We had a girl that their employers went to social events at night, a high level, and returned home at about 1:00 to 2:00 in the morning." "The girl had to be ready with the key to open up the gate when they returned, the girl was always sleepy, unwilling to study."
Matute said that although the girls work with the aspiration to study, unfortunately the same work prevented many achieve that goal.
"They have hours to 20 hours, but they come here with a dream, tired, without work, often do poorly on tests because they have no time to devote to their studies."
The project has five sections consist not only high school for domestic workers but also for girls selling tortillas or belonging to the informal sector.
It also offered training workshops securities cycles of reflection, distance learning, snacks, medical care, vocational training and counseling.
For the Director of Social Welfare of the Ministry of Labour, Elsa Ramirez, unregulated child labor creates a cycle of poverty in the lives of thousands of Honduran children.
"If children do not attend school or college, it creates a cycle of poverty, because these children as adults will not be sufficiently trained to qualify for a better salary," says the official.
In the opinion of Ramirez, one of the country's most important achievements in this area is the creation of a child labor policy that defines the activities of each government agency.
"And the second most important action is that now we have executed on the ballot registration of schools includes a box that specifies whether the child use child labor and in what area."
Domestic work has become dangerous route are thousands of Honduran girls to earn by the sweat of his brow their right to education. Some go as far as the gates of the university, but many others are attacked en route by the typical monsters of this work: exploitation, sexual abuse and early motherhood.